Europe, "Country of Dwarves"
"Country of Dwarves. The men and women of this kingdom are only a little more than one foot tall. At the age of five they already have children, and at eight, they are already old. Constantly devoured by cranes and hawks, they live in caves for safety. Here they wait until the third month of summer, when they come out and destroy the eggs of their enemies, riding on goats."
The Dutch cartographer Petrus Plancius described similar dwarves in Greenland in his 1592 atlas; however, these men and women were said to be four feet tall.