Two Cranes and a Pine Tree
On View In:
Gallery 251
Artist:   O_kyo Maruyama  
Title:   Two Cranes and a Pine Tree  
Date:   Edo period  
Medium:   Ink and colors on silk  
Dimensions:   33 7/8 x 20 5/8 in. (86.04 x 52.39 cm) (image) 65 7/16 x 26 1/16 in. (166.21 x 66.2 cm) (without roller)  
Credit Line:   Gift of funds from C. Curtis Dunnavan  
Location:   Gallery 251  

Maruyama O_kyo was the founder of a school of naturalist painters in the city of Kyoto in the 18th century. He artfully combined the traditional Japanese decorative compositional approach with elements of Western realism. For this painting of two cranes, O_kyo carefully depicted the birds' plumage and scaly texture of their legs. He also created a convincing sense of space and volume by foreshortening the neck of one of the cranes.

Red-crowned cranes were once ubiquitous throughout the wetlands of China, Korea and Japan. Their impressive size, striking coloration, and lively "dance" made them a popular subject among artists. In East Asian mythology, they are believed to live for 1,000 years, and thus became auspicious symbols of longevity.

Name:   Maruyama, O_kyo  
Nationality:   Japanese  
Life Dates:   Japanese, 1733-1795  

Object Description  
Inscriptions:   Inscription and Seal See marks LRC, in black (in Japanese): [Jinshin kishun sha O_kyo]; LRC, in red (in Japanese): [O_kyo no in]  
Classification:   Paintings  
Physical Description:   two white cranes with black tail feathers, grey necks and red "caps" standing at the edge of a small stream; pine tree at L  
Creation Place:   Asia, Japan, , ,  
Accession #:   2007.106.9  
Owner:   The Minneapolis Institute of Arts